The baseIn Arrhenius theory, a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in an aqueous solution. In Bronsted-Lowry theory, a hydrogen-ion (proton) acceptor. In Lewis theory, a species that donates a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond.-catalyzed hydrolysisAny reaction in which water (hydro) is split into two parts (lysis). Examples include the reaction of an anion with water to form the conjugate acid and hydroxide ion and hydrolysis of an ester or amide, in which the H from water bonds to form an alcohol or amine and the OH bonds to a carbonyl carbon to form a carboxylic acid. of an esterAn organic compound formally derived from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol; involves the functional group -C(=O)O-R.; often used in the context of hydrolyzing fats to make soapA salt of a fatty acid produced by the saponification of fat..
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