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- A solutionA mixture of one or more substances dissolved in a solvent to give a homogeneous mixture. to which strong acidAn acid that ionizes completely in a particular solvent. or strong baseA base that dissociates completely or ionizes completely in a particular solvent. can be added without significant change in pHA logarithmic measure of the concentration of hydrogen (hydronium) ion; pH = -log10([H+]) or pH = -log10([H3O+]).; a solution containing a weak acidAn acid that ionizes only partially in a given solvent. and its conjugate baseThe base formed when an acid releases a hydrogen ion (proton). or a weak baseAn base that ionizes only partially in a given solvent. and its conjugate acidThe acid formed when a base accepts a hydrogen ion (proton)..