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- ionization energy
- The quantity of energyA system's capacity to do work. required to remove an electronA negatively charged, sub-atomic particle with charge of 1.602 x 10-19 coulombs and mass of9.109 x 1023 kilograms; electrons have both wave and particle properties; electrons occupy most of the volume of an atom but represent only a tiny fraction of an atom's mass. from a neutral atomThe smallest particle of an element that can be involved in chemical combination with another element; an atom consists of protons and neutrons in a tiny, very dense nucleus, surrounded by electrons, which occupy most of its volume. or moleculeA set of atoms joined by covalent bonds and having no net charge. or from a positive ionAn atom or covalently bonded set of atoms that carries an overall net charge..